Aditya-L1 ( spacecraft) is the First Indian mission to Study the Sun and its characteristics. This is one of the hottest and Latest Technology Inventions today.
The idea was proposed by Advisory Committee for Space Research in January 2008 and ready to built with the collaboration of ISRO and other Indian Research Organizations.
Aditya-L1 is the first Indian mission to place at Lagrangian point (L1).
Aditya-L1 is expected to be launched by ISRO around 2019 – 2020 from Sriharikota.
The satellite will be placed into Halo orbit around L1, which counts 1.5 million km from Earth.
The aim of Aditya-L1 is to study the nature, characteristics, emission, waves, atmosphere, heat explosions of Sun with the help of seven Payloads.
The satellite carries seven Payloads with massive responsibilities:
- Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC): It studies the parameters of solar corona and origin of Coronal Mass Ejections.
- Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT): It observes Sun between 200-400m wavelength range.
- Aditya Solar wind Particle EXperiment (ASPEX): Studies the variation of solar wind particles and its distribution.
- Plasma Analyser Package for Aditya (PAPA): To understand composition of solar wind and energy distributed.
- SOlar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer (SOLEXS): Monitors X-ray flares to study Solar Corona heat mechanism.
- High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer (HEL1OS): Provides energy to accelerate particles during eruptive events.
- Magnetometer: Measures magnitude and nature of Interplanetary magnetic field.
NASA and ESA are the two major giants successfully placed satellites at Lagrangian point (L1) so far.